Population and Demographics - North Houston Association
The North Houston Association’s geographic boundaries include portions of Harris County, Montgomery County, and the City of Houston, and encompass 1,334 square miles of the Houston Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA). This represents 16.2% of the Houston MSA’s total land area. The Houston MSA consists of 9 counties and contains 8,237 square miles of land. In land area, the Houston MSA is the third largest metropolitan area in the nation.
Demographic Summary of the North Houston Association:
- Contains 16.2% of the Houston MSA’s land area but 26.1% of its population.
- Saw its population increase 10.4% between 2010 and 2014 to 1.66 million, 36.1% of the total increase in the Houston MSA.
- Is home to an incredibly diverse population, with no single ethnic group constituting a majority.
- Is well educated, with 37.4% of residents over the age of 25 holding a college degree, compared to 34.9% for the Houston MSA.
- Has a median yearly household income of over $65,000, nearly $9,000 higher than the Houston MSA as a whole.
- Households in the North Houston Association’s geographic area have substantial disposable income and discretionary buying power, as shown in Table 5.
The area within the North Houston Association’s boundaries grew at a substantial rate during the past two decades. In 2000, the North Houston area had a population of 978,818, 20.9% of the Houston MSA’s total population. By 2010, the population had grown to 1,500,730, making up 25.3% of the metropolitan area population. The estimated 2014 population for the North Houston area was 1,656,755, containing 26.1% of the metropolitan area. The estimated growth in the North Houston Association’s area population from 2010-2014 accounted for 36.1% of the Houston MSA’s total estimated population growth. These figures can be seen in Table 1.
North Houston Association Population Growth
The population of the North Houston Association area was estimated to have grown by 10.4% between 2010 and 2014, as shown in Table 1. More significant was the average annual growth in population during this time. The area averaged an increase of 39,006 persons annually, greater than half of the estimated annual growth of all of Harris County and again, 36.1% of the growth in the entire Houston MSA. This data is illustrated in Chart 1.
The North Houston Association geographic area is segmented into eight major market areas: the FM 1960 Corridor, Kingwood/Humble, the Sam Houston Parkway/Greenspoint corridor, The Woodlands, Tomball, Conroe, Magnolia, and Cypress. These eight areas were estimated to contain 81.8% of the area’s total population in 2014. The remaining population is listed as “Balance” in Table 3.
Of these eight areas, the FM 1960 area was estimated to have the largest total population growth from 2010 to 2014 at 34,117. The Cypress area led in percentage population growth at 16.4% and is second in total growth with 24,197. Second in percentage population growth was Tomball at 16.3% while the areas outside of the submarkets grew 12.3%. This data is illustrated in Table 3 and Chart 2.
North Houston Association Profile
As the North Houston Association covers portions of both Harris County and Montgomery County, the demographic characteristics of North Houston are compared with the two counties and with the Houston MSA in Table 4. Excluding persons under the age of 18, the largest age range group in the North Houston area in 2014 was the 35-44 range with 14.6% of the population. Adding the age ranges from 25 to 54 years, considered the family and child-rearing ages, totals 41.9% of the area’s total population. This is further reflected in the 28.5% of the population that fell under the age of 18. Overall, the North Houston area was slightly older than Harris County, and slightly younger than Montgomery County and the Houston MSA as a whole.
The North Houston Association area’s estimated 2014 ethnic makeup was quite diverse, with a 47.8% plurality of Non-Hispanic Whites. Hispanic or Latino persons accounted for 30.4% of the population, Black or African-American population stood at 14.2%, Asian at 5.4%, and all others at 2.2% of the population. The area’s diversity index (the probability that any two residents chosen at random will be of a different ethnicity) is 65.5%. The Harris County section of the North Houston Association was predominately Black and Hispanic while the Montgomery County portion was largely Non-Hispanic White. The Houston MSA overall had higher percentages of Black and Hispanic residents than the North Houston area and a slightly higher diversity index (68.7%).
North Houston Association area residents are slightly better educated than those in both Harris and Montgomery counties and in the Houston MSA as a whole. In 2014, a sizable 48.2% of North Houston Area residents over the age of 25 had graduated high school and completed at least some college coursework while an additional 37.4% had graduated from college with a two or four-year degree.
Households in the North Houston Association’s geographic area have substantial disposable income and discretionary buying power, as shown in Table 5. Household income in 2014 was roughly the same as that of Montgomery County as a whole, and was notably higher in the area than in Harris County or Houston MSA. The $50,000 to $74,999 income range contains the largest percentage of households at 17.7% while 60.9% of all households had incomes of $50,000 or greater. This compares with 51.0% in Harris County, 59.1% in Montgomery County, and 54.5% in the entire Houston MSA. Median household income, estimated at $65,345 in 2014, stands more than $10,000 greater the median household income of Harris County and more than $8,000 greater than the Houston MSA as a whole.
The resident occupation breakdown for the North Houston Association’s geographic area shows slightly higher percentages of white-collar workers and slightly lower percentages of blue-collar workers and persons employed in service and farm than in either of the two compared counties and the Houston MSA as a whole.
Market Area Characteristics
The market area characteristics in Table 6 show the significant demographic variations in each of the eight market area segments. Median household incomes ranged from $89,959 in Cypress to $42,450 in the Sam Houston Parkway/Greenspoint segment.
Income figures are usually closely linked with white-collar employment and residents with degrees with higher education degrees. The North Houston market areas are no exception to this. The Woodlands and Cypress, the two areas with median household incomes of greater than $80,000, in 2014 contained the highest percentages of white collar workers (both around 75%) and the highest percentages of those who have graduated high school (both over 90%) and college graduates (both around 50%).
The ethnic make-up of these areas varies significantly as well. Five of the eight market areas contained a Non-Hispanic White majority, the Sam Houston Parkway/Greenspoint area contained a Hispanic or Latino majority, while no ethnic group constituted a majority in the Conroe or FM 1960 areas.